Keynote Speaker Mohamed ElBaradei
Mohamed ElBaradei: (1997 - 2009) Director General of IAEA - International Atomic Energy Agency
Mohamed ElBaradei - IAEA Director and Nobel Peace Prize Winner
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Basic information about
Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei – a former Egyptian diplomat, Director General of the IAEA in years 1997 – 2009, professor of law at New York University and 2005 Nobel Peace Prize laureate
Mohamed ElBaradei ‘s career
In his ending month as head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Mohamed ElBaradei found himself at the critical center of global nuclear policy, leading mediations between the Obama administration and Tehran to break the impasse over Iran’s nuclear program. He had been intimately associated with this crisis in the previous six years as the IAEA worked to prove the nature of the Iranian program.
Start of his career
He grew up in Cairo, where he received his law degree from Cairo University and a doctorate in international law from New York University School of Law. Dr. ElBaradei started his profession in the Egyptian Diplomatic Service in the year 1964, assisting in the Permanent Missions of Egypt to the United Nations in the cities New York and Geneva. He was in charge of political, legal and arms control matters.
His work in multiple organizations
During this time, Dr. ElBaradei joined in the activities of multiple international and regional organizations, including:
The United Nations General Assembly, the United Nations Security Council, the Conference on Disarmament, the World Health Organization, the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, the International Labour Organization, the Commission on Human Rights, the Organization of African Unity and the League of Arab States.
Between 1974 and 1978, Dr. ElBaradei was a special secretary to the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Egypt. Throughout this period, he was accepted as a member of the negotiating team that concluded the separation agreements between Egypt and Israel.
In 1980, he retired the Diplomatic Service to enter the United Nations and became a principal member of the International Law Programme of the United Nations Institute for Training and Research. From 1981 to 1987 he worked as an Assistant Professor of International Law at New York University School of Law.
His career in IAEA
Since 1984, Dr. ElBaradei was a senior member of the IAEA Secretariat and held many important policy positions, one of which was Legal Adviser plus Assistant Director-General. After the 1991 Gulf War, the Security Council directed the IAEA to eliminate Iraq’s clandestine nuclear weapons program. The IAEA performed this task in 1997, rendering all Iraq’s atomic activities safe.
In 1997, Dr. ElBaradei was named to replace Hans Blix as Director General of the IAEA. Dr. ElBaradei worked three terms as Director General of the IAEA, an intergovernmental organization that is part of the United Nations system, with a commission to construct nuclear technology available for peaceful objectives and to prevent the spread of atomic weapons.
Mohamed ElBaradei ‘s Nobel Prize
During his tenure, Dr. ElBaradei pioneered projects to strengthen the non-proliferation regime and was a steady advocate of nuclear disarmament. In October 2005, Dr. ElBaradei and the IAEA jointly won the Nobel Peace Prize.
Mohamed ElBaradei ‘s awards
- “Golden Dove of Peace” prize from the President of Italy;
- “Mostar 2007” International Peace Award of the Mostar Center for Peace and Multi-ethnic Cooperation;
- 2007 “Atoms for Peace” prize by the International Institute for Sustainable Peace (IISP) and the World Council of Nuclear Workers (WONUC);
- 2007 World Nuclear Association award (shared with the IAEA);
- 2008 “Peacebuilding Award” of the EastWest Institute;
- International Seville NODO Prize for Peace, Security and Inter-Cultural Dialogue;
- 2008 Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament, and Development;
- 2009 Delta Prize for Global Understanding, sponsored by the University of Georgia and Delta Airlines;
- 2010 XIV International Prize Grupo Compostela-Xunta de Galicia, Compostela Group of Universities.
And many others…
Mohamed ElBaradei ‘s publications
The Age of Deception: Nuclear Diplomacy in Treacherous Times – June 5, 2012